Chapter 24 -The Nine Processes of Devotional Service
They are described by Prahlada Maharaja in the 7th Canto of
the Srimad Bhagavatam as follows:
To hear about Sri Visnu's transcendental name, His form, His
characteristics, His possessions and His pastimes and to hear
and chant about His pastimes, to remember them, to serve the
lotus feet of the Lord, to respectfully offer service to the
Lord, to offer prayers to the Lord, to become His servant, to
consider the Lord one's best friend and to offer Him everything-these
nine processes are recognized as pure devotional service.
1. HEARING (sravanam)
Maharaja Pariksit(the last seven days of his life, he constantly
heard the Srimad Bhagavatam).
2. CHANTING (kirtanam)
Sukadeva Goswami(spoke the Bhagavatam to Maharaja Pariksit)
3. REMEMBERING( visnu smaranam)
Prahlada Maharaja(never forgot Krsna despite constant tortures
from his father- Hiranyakashipu)
4. SERVING THE LORD'S LOTUS FEET (pada sevanam)
Laxmi, the Goddess of Fortune, is always engaged in serving the
lotus feet of the Lord.
5. DEITY-WORSHIP (arcanam)
Maharaja Prthu used all of his royal possessions in order to
offer them in pure devotion to the Lord.
Akura offered prayers to Krsna when he was traveling to Vrndavana
in order to see Krsna.
7. EXECUTING ORDERS (dasyam)
Hanuman, the intimate servant of Ramacandra executed all of Sri
Ramacandra's orders despite all kinds of difficulties.
8. SERVING AS A FRIEND (sakhyam)
Arjuna was so close to Krsna, that the Lord offered Himself to
become his chariot driver and serve Arjuna and his brothers in
9. COMPLETE SURRENDER (atma nivedanam)
Bali Maharaja gave Sri Vamanadeva his entire kingdom, his possessions
as well as his own body, although his own spiritual master was
Hanuman carrying Rama and Laksmana